Diabetes mellitus (DM)

  • DM is condition that occurs when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin to allow the body to utilize blood glucose (sugar).
  • The most common clinical signs noted by owners are an increase in thirst, urination frequency, and weight loss. DM most commonly occurs in older dogs and cats.
  • A blood test can be completed to evaluate your pet’s blood glucose (sugar). The blood test will also evaluate your pet’s kidney and liver function. A urine sample should also be collected to evaluate for a urinary tract infection (UTI). UTIs commonly occur in dogs and cats with DM.
  • DM is treated with daily injections of insulin. Most pets are typically very cooperative for their insulin injections. These injections will help improve the increase in thirst and urination, along with weight loss your pet might be experiencing. Blood glucose should be monitored regularly to assure you pet is receiving the correct dosing of insulin. Diet changes may also be implemented to improve your pet’s response to treatment.
  • With proper care and glycemic regulation most pets can be successfully managed with a good quality of life.

photos by SIP